- Rabies is a zoonotic disease and human infection caused by Lyssavirus, usually occurring after a transdermal bite or scratch by an infected animal. Transmission may also occur when infectious material, usually the saliva, comes into direct contact with the victim’s mucosa or fresh skin lesions. Very rarely, rabies may occur through inhalation of virus-containing aerosol or via infected organ transplants. It is a highly fatal disease characterized by fluctuations in consciousness, phobic or inspiratory spasms and autonomic instability.
- Rabies is estimated to cause 55,000 deaths every year worldwide, with about 56% of the cases occurring in Asia and 43.6% in Africa, mostly in rural areas. Rabies is present on all continents with the exception of Antartica. Once symptoms of the disease develop, rabies is nearly always fatal.
- Rabies is a neglected disease of poor and vulnerable populations whose deaths are rarely reported. It occurs mainly in remote rural communities where measures to prevent dog to human transmission have not been implemented. Under-reporting of rabies also prevents mobilization of resources from the international community for the elimination of human dog-mediated rabies
¡ Rabies remains to be a public health problem in the Philippines. It is the most acutely fatal infectious disease responsible for the death of 200-250 Filipinos every year. At least one-third of human rabies deaths are among children less than15 years of age. Two thirds of human rabies cases are males. Dogs are the source of the vast majority of human rabies deaths. The high cost of anti-rabies vaccine and immunoglobulin's, expenditure for medical consultations and the loss of income are an additional burden to a regular Filipino family confronted with a potential rabies exposure.
¡ Several initiatives at the local level were undertaken to minimize death due to rabies, such as the following: the provision of pre-exposure treatment to high risk personnel and post exposure prophylaxis to animal bite victims; provision of free routine immunization or pre-exposure prophylaxis; mass vaccination of dogs, establishment of a central base system for registered and vaccinated dogs; impounding, field control and disposition of unregistered, stray and unvaccinated dogs; and conduct of information and education campaign on the prevention and control of Rabies.
Rabies Free Philippines by 2020
3.1. Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) and Pre-Exposure (PrEP)
Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) -anti-rabies prophylaxis should be administered after an exposure (such as bite, scratch, lick, etc.) from potentially rabies animals. · Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) –vaccination should be given to individuals who are at high risk of getting rabies.
COMPONENT 2: HEALTH PROMOTION
3.2. Health Promotion
The following are the significant activities in the conducting the information and education campaign on the prevention and control of rabies:
- Celebration of Rabies Awareness Month under Executive Order No. 84, March is Rabies Awareness Month
- Celebration of World Rabies Day - September 28 has been declared as World Rabies Day.
- Development of IEC Materials -All agencies involved in the implementation of the program are encouraged to conceptualize, produce/reproduce and distribute IEC materials and collaterals.
- Massive Health Information Campaign using Tri-Media
- Integration of Rabies Program into the School Curriculum - The integration of the program into the curriculum is a collaborative effort
3.4. Dog Population Management
This include stray dog management through impounding, field control and disposal, surgical and non-surgical sterilization and habitat control.
3.5. Central Database System
The Philippine Animal Health Information System (PhilAHIS) was established to provide data on dog registration, vaccination and reports of canine rabies maintained by the Department of Agriculture
COMPONENT 5: RESPONSIBLE PET OWNERSHIP
The program adopts the strategy of promoting Responsible Pet Ownership to prevent spread of rabies. The public is advised to bring their pet dogs for anti-rabies vaccination when they reach three months of age and yearly thereafter, provide proper nutrition, exercise and shelter to their pet dogs and not to allow their pet dogs to loiter to prevent contact with infected animals.
AREA OF COVERAGE
POLICIES AND LAWS
STRATEGIES, ACTION POINTS, AND TIMELINE
CALENDAR OF ACTIVITIES
PROGRAM MANAGER CONTACT INFORMATION